Anatomy

Movements of the Shoulder Joint

Shoulder Extension: Definition: Straightening the shoulder joint by moving the upper arm posteriorly (to the back). Image: Muscles Involved: Latissimus dorsi Posterior deltoid Triceps brachii (long head) Pectoralis major (sternal head) Teres major Teres minor Infraspinatus Exercises: Straight-arm lat pulldown Pullover One arm row Row (any close grip variation) Shoulder Flexion: Definition: Bending the shoulder …

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Movements of the Scapula

Elevation: Definition: Moving the shoulder girdle (scapula and clavicle) superiorly (upward). Image: Muscles Involved: Upper trapezius Levator scapulae Rhomboid major Rhomboid minor Exercises: Shrug Scapation with shrug (isolates upper traps) Depression: Definition: Moving the shoulder girdle (scapula and clavicle) inferiorly (downward). Image: Muscles Involved: Lower trapezius Pectoralis minor Pectoralis major (sternal head) Latissimus dorsi Subclavius …

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Movements of the Hip Joint

Extension: Definition: Straightening the hip joint by moving the thigh and/or torso posteriorly (backward). Image: Muscles Involved: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius (posterior fibers) Semitendiunosus Semimembranosus Biceps femoris (long head) Adductor magnus (posterior fibers/hamstring part) Exercises: Deadlift Glute bridge Hip thrust Flexion: Definition: Bending the hip joint by moving the thigh and/or torso anteriorly (forward). Image: …

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Movements of the Elbow Joint

Elbow Extension: Definition: Straightening the elbow joint by moving the forearm away from the biceps. Image: Muscles Involved: Biceps brachii (long head) Biceps brachii (short head) Brachialis Brachioradialis Exercises: Biceps curl Chin up Elbow Flexion: Definition: Bending the elbow joint by moving the forearm toward the biceps. Image: Muscles Involved: Triceps brachii Aconeus Exercises: Close …

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What Are Some Interesting Lower Trapezius Facts? – Weight Lifting Q&A

Question: What are a few strange, interesting facts about the lower trapezius? Answer: Hmmm… nice question. Well, let me first point you toward the page on the lower trapezius, which explains the basics on functional anatomy of the lower traps. Now, here’s a few interesting, though not necessarily strange, facts that come to mind: The …

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