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Movements of the Ankle Joint

Dorsiflexion:

Definition: Raising your the ball of your foot up, toward the shin.
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Extensor hallucis longus
  • Fibularis tertius
Exercises:
  • Reverse calve raise
  • Heel walk

Plantarflexion:

Definition: Pushing the ball of your foot down, away from the shin.
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Solues
  • Plantaris
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Fibularis longus
  • Fibularis brevis
  • Flexor hallucis longus
  • Flexor digitorum longus
Exercises:
  • Standing calf raise
  • Seated calf raise

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