Movements of the Hip Joint

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Extension:

Definition:Straightening the hip joint by moving the thigh and/or torso posteriorly (backward).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
Exercises:

Flexion:

Definition:Bending the hip joint by moving the thigh and/or torso anteriorly (forward).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
Exercises:
  • Sit up
  • Leg raise

Abduction:

Definition:Moving the thigh laterally (outward), away from the sagittal plane (midline).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
Exercises:
  • Hip abduction machine
  • Cable hip abduction
  • Side lying hip abduction

Adduction:

Definition:Moving the thigh medially (inward), toward the sagittal plane (midline).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
Exercises:
  • Hip adduction machine
  • Cable hip adduction
  • Side lying hip adduction

External Rotation (Lateral Rotation):

Definition:Rotating the thigh laterally (outward), away from the sagittal plane (midline).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
*WORK ON ORDER*

Exercises:
  • Band-resisted clamshell
  • Seated external hip rotation

Internal Rotation (Medial Rotation):

Definition:Rotating the thigh medially (inward), toward from the sagittal plane (midline).
Image:
Muscles
Involved:
Exercises:

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