The gluteus maximus (G. gloutos, buttock. L. maximus, largest.) is not only the largest buttock muscle, but the largest muscle in the human body, period.
Its main responsibility
The gluteus medius (G. gloutos, buttock. L. medius, middle) is the second largest of the three gluteal, or butt, muscles.
It is a fan-shaped muscle, whose main action
The gluteus minimus (G. gloutos, buttock. L. minimus, smallest) is the smallest and deepest of the three buttock muscles. Its primary responsibility is hip abduction.
The average gym rat uses the term “hamstrings” to refer to the muscles on the back of thigh, whose primary function is knee flexion.
If you want to get really
The brachioradialis (G. brachion, arm. L. radius, stake or rod ) is a large forearm muscle, whose name refers to its connection between the upper arm and radius.
The pectoralis minor (L. pectus, chest ; minor, smaller.) is the smaller and lesser-known of the two chest muscles.
It helps stabilize the scapula and is the prime mover
The gastrocnemius (G. gaster, belly ; kneme, leg.), or “gastroc” for short, is the largest muscle in the calf, which acts on both the ankle and knee joints.
The soleus (L. solea, sandal.) is the smaller of the two major calf muscles; the other muscle being the gastrocnemius (gastroc).
Fun fact: It was originally named after
The brachialis (G. brachion, arm.) is a lesser-known arm muscle located on the front of the humerus. It is the prime mover in elbow flexion.
Since it only crosses one
The biceps brachii (L. biceps, two-headed ; G. brachion, arm.), commonly known as the biceps, is the prominent two-headed muscle of the arm.
It acts on the elbow,